The Oregon Coast Farming Region is unique among other agricultural areas in Oregon. A cool and wet maritime climate with a long growing season are ideal for crops such as cranberry and Easter Lily production, as well as for the dairy industry. The coast is most distinctive from the rest of the state in its inclusion of the fishing industry in its agricultural economy.

Stewardship of the land here dates to pre-settlement times, with native peoples' use of fire to manage the landscape for food production. Settlement and early farming around the 1850's was largely subsistence scale, with a subsequent shift toward industrial scale farms, such as the Tillamook Cheese Co. 

Like many agricultural areas in rural Oregon, this  region is notable for shifting demographics with an aging population of farmers managing family farms and a decrease in a younger age group. Much of the incoming population in this area is a result of immigration.